Mediation as a foreign policy tool in the Arab Spring: Turkey, Qatar and Iran
Akpınar, Pınar (2015) Mediation as a foreign policy tool in the Arab Spring: Turkey, Qatar and Iran. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 17 (3). pp. 252-268. ISSN 1944-8953 (Print) 1944-8961 (Online)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19448953.2015.1063270
This paper investigates to what extent mediation has been a relevant foreign policy tool during the Arab Spring by looking into the mediation attempts of Turkey, Qatar and Iran. To answer this question, the paper examines why and how these actors mediated, to what extent they were able to apply mediation as a tool of foreign policy, whether their mediation attempts could deliver any results and whether there was a receptive audience with respect to their mediation. Despite certain setbacks, mediation has been a relevant foreign policy tool during the Arab Spring. The uses of mediation by these actors run parallel to their foreign policy priorities. In addition, during the Arab Spring, mediation has proved more effective in small-scale conflicts, such as hostage crises, rather than large-scale ones, such as those between regimes and oppositions. Despite considerable potential for regional powers to take on mediator roles, the effectiveness of their mediation attempts depends on their commitment and reliability as mediators.
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