Micro motion stages with flexure hinges-design and control
Acer, Merve (2012) Micro motion stages with flexure hinges-design and control. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1478455 (Table of Contents)
The developments in micro and nano technologies brought the need of high precision micropositioning stages to be used in micro/nano applications such as cell manipulation, surgery, aerospace, micro fluidics, optical systems, micromachining and microassembly etc. Micro motion stages with flexible joints called compliant mechanisms are built to provide the needed accuracy and precision. This thesis aims to build compliant planar micro motion stages using flexure hinges to be used as micropositioning devices in x-y directions by applying new control methods. First 3- RRR planar parallel kinematic structure is selected which is also popular in the literature. Then the mechanism is developed to have a new structure which is a 3-PRR mechanism. The necessary geometric parameters are selected by using Finite Element Analysis (FEA). The displacement, stress and frequency behaviors of the mechanisms are compared and discussed. Modeling of the flexure based mechanisms is also studied for 3-PRR compliant stage by using Kinetostatic modeling method which combines the compliance calculations of flexure hinges with kinematics of the mechanism. Piezoelectric actuators and optical 2d position sensor which uses a laser source are used for actuation and measurement of the stages. After the experimental studies it's seen that the results are not compatible with FEA because of the unpredictable errors caused by manufacturing and assembly. We have succeeded to eliminate those errors by implementing a control methodology based on Sliding Mode Control with Disturbance Observer which is also based on Sliding Mode Control using linear piezoelectric actuator models. Finally, we have extracted experimental models for each actuation direction of the stage and used those models instead of piezoelectric actuator models which lowered our errors in the accuracy of our measurement and ready to be used as a high precision micro positioning stage for our micro system applications.
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