A probabilistic graphical model for word-level language modeling in P300 spellers
Delgado Saa, Jaime Fernando and de Pesters, Adriana and McFarland, Dennis and Çetin, Müjdat (2014) A probabilistic graphical model for word-level language modeling in P300 spellers. In: 6th International Brain-Computer Interface Conference 2014, Graz, Austria
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3217/978-3-85125-378-8-57
Motivated by P300 spelling scenarios involving communication based on a limited vocabulary, we propose a probabilistic graphical model-based framework and an associated classification algorithm that uses learned statistical prior models of language at the level of words. Exploiting such high-level contextual information helps reduce the error rate of the speller. The proposed approach models all the variables in the P300 speller in a unified framework and has the capability to correct errors in previous letters in a word given the data for the current one. The structure of our model allows the use of efficient inference algorithms, which makes it possible to use this approach in real-time applications. Our experimental results demonstrate the advantages of the proposed method.
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