Semi-analytical force model for grinding operations
Aslan, Deniz and Budak, Erhan (2014) Semi-analytical force model for grinding operations. In: 6th CIRP International Conference on High Performance Cutting (HPC2014), Berkeley
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.03.073
Grinding process is generally used to improve the tolerance integrity and surface quality of a workpiece. However, in case of some hard-to-machine materials grinding can also be a cost effective alternative even for roughing operations. It is crucial to know process forces since they are necessary to identify the conditions for surface burn which is one of the most important issues in grinding applications. In this paper, a new semi-analytical force model for grinding process is developed by modeling abrasive grits and their interaction with the workpiece individually. Grits are examined to determine their geometrical properties and distribution on the grinding wheel. Semi-analytical equations for total normal and tangential force components as well as average force per grit are established by using the micro milling analogy. Fundamental parameters such as shear stress and friction coefficient between the grits and the work material are identified. The model can then be used in prediction of the forces for different cases involving the same material and the abrasive grain however with different conditions. The model predictions are verified by several experiments and also using Johnson-Cook material model.
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