Cross-cultural differences in a global "survey of world views"
Saucier, Gerard and Kenner, Judith and Iurino, Kathryn and Malham, Philippe Bou and Chen, Zhuo and Thalmayer, Amber Gayle and Kemmelmeier, Markus and Tov, William and Boutti, Rachid and Metaferia, Henok and Çankaya, Banu and Mastor, Khairul Anwar and Hsu, Kung-Yu and Wu, Rongxian and Maniruzzaman, M. and Rugira, Janvier and Tsaousis, Ioannis and Sosnyuk, Oleg and Adhikary, Jyoti Regmi and Skrzypińska, Katarzyna and Poungpet, Boonmee and Maltby, John and Salanga, Maria Guadalupe C. and Racca, Adriana and Oshio, Atsushi and Italia, Elsie and Kovaleva, Anastassiya and Nakatsugawa, Masanobu and Morales-Vives, Fabia and Ruiz, Victor M. and Gutierrez, Ricardo A. Braun and Sarkar, Anindita and Deo, Tripti and Sambu, Lenah and Veria, Elizabeth Huisa and Dela Coleta, Marilia Ferreira and Kiama, S. G. and Hongladoram, Soraj and Derry, Robbin and Beltrán, Héctor Zazueta and Peng, T. K. and Wilde, Matthias and Ananda, Fr. Arul and Banerjee, Sarmila and Bayazıt, Mahmut and Joo, Serenity and Zhang, Hong and Orel, Ekaterina and Bizumic, Boris and Shen-Miller, Seraphine and Watts, Sean and Pereira, Marcos Emanoel and Gore, Ernesto and Wilson, Doug and Pope, Daniel and Gutema, Bekele and Henry, Hani and Dacanay, Jovi Clemente and Dixon, Jerry and Köbis, Nils and Luque, Jose and Hood, Jackie and Chakravorty, Dipti and Pal, Ananda Mohan and Ong, Laysee and Leung, Angela and Altschul, Carlos (2014) Cross-cultural differences in a global "survey of world views". (Accepted/In Press)
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We know that there are cross-cultural differences on psychological variables, such as individualism/collectivism. But it has not been clear which of these variables show relatively the greatest differences. The Survey of World Views project operated from the premise that such issues are best addressed in a diverse sampling of countries representing a majority of the world’s population, with a very large range of item-content. Data was collected online from 8,883 individuals (almost entirely college students based on local publicizing efforts) in 33 countries that constitute over 2/3 of the world’s population, using items drawn from measures of nearly 50 variables. This report focuses on the broadest patterns evident in item data. The largest differences were not on those contents most frequently emphasized in cross-cultural psychology (e.g., values, social axioms, cultural tightness), but instead on contents involving religion, regularity-norm behaviors, family roles and living arrangements, and ethnonationalism. Content not often studied cross-culturally (e.g., materialism, Machiavellianism, isms dimensions, moral foundations) demonstrated moderate-magnitude differences. Further studies are needed to refine such conclusions, but indications are that cross-cultural psychology may benefit from casting a wider net in terms of the psychological variables of focus.
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