Quantum dot conjugated S. cerevisiae as smart nanotoxicity indicators for screening the toxicity of nanomaterials
Chouhan, Raghuraj Singh and Qureshi, Anjum and Kolkar Mohammed, Javed Hussain Niazi (2014) Quantum dot conjugated S. cerevisiae as smart nanotoxicity indicators for screening the toxicity of nanomaterials. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 2 (23). pp. 3618-3625. ISSN 2050-750X (Print) 2050-7518 (Online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4tb00495g
In this study, we have evaluated the toxicity of different forms of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using S. cerevisiae-QD (SQD) bioconjugates as a novel fluorescent biological nanotoxicity indicator. A CNT mediated effect in SQD bioconjugates was used as an indicator for the changes occurring at the cell-membrane interfaces that induced disruption of membrane bound QDs resulting in the loss of fluorescence. Single, double and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs, DWCNTs and MWCNTs) were tested for their toxicities imposed on SQD bioconjugates. Bioconjugates exposed to varying concentrations of different forms of CNTs exhibited different modes of toxicities on SQD bioconjugates. SQD bioconjugates were highly responsive in the 0.1-10 mu g mL(-1) CNT concentration range after 1 h of exposure. The toxicity of CNTs was linked to the number of CNT walls. These results were further confirmed by SEM analysis and cell-viability tests that were consistent with the toxicity assays using fluorescent bioconjugates with different types of CNTs. SWCNTs imposed more severe cellular toxicity followed by MWCNTs and DWCNTs and the order of increasing cellular-damage by CNTs followed DWCNTs < MWCNTs < SWCNTs. This study speculates that the cell-injury by CNTs depends on their physical properties, such as layers of walls, non-covalent forces and dispersion states. Our results demonstrated a facile optical strategy that enables rapid and real-time cytotoxicity screening with yeast as model living-cells for engineering nanomaterials.
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