High performance hardware architectures for one bit transform based motion estimation
Akın, Abdulkadir (2010) High performance hardware architectures for one bit transform based motion estimation. [Thesis]
Official URL: http://192.168.1.20/record=b1306349 (Table of Contents)
Motion Estimation (ME) is the most computationally intensive and most power consuming part of video compression and video enhancement systems. ME is used in video compression standards such as MPEG4, H.264 and it is used in video enhancement algorithms such as frame rate conversion and de-interlacing. One bit transform (1BT) based ME algorithms have low computational complexity. Therefore, in this thesis, we propose high performance hardware architectures for 1BT based fixed block size (FBS) single reference frame (SRF) ME, variable block size (VBS) SRF ME, and multiple reference frame (MRF) ME. Constraint One Bit Transform (C-1BT) ME algorithm improves the ME performance of 1BT ME, and the early terminated C-1BT ME algorithm reduces the computational complexity of C-1BT ME. Therefore, in this thesis, we also propose a high performance early terminated C-1BT ME hardware architecture. The proposed FBS SRF ME hardware architectures perform full search ME for 4 Macroblocks in parallel and they are faster than the 1BT based ME hardware reported in the literature. In addition, they use less on-chip memory than the previous 1BT based ME hardware by using a novel data reuse scheme and memory organization. The proposed VBS SRF ME and MRF ME hardware architectures are the first 1BT based VBS ME and MRF ME hardware architectures in the literature. The proposed MRF ME hardware is designed as reconfigurable in order to statically configure the number and selection of reference frames based on the application requirements. The proposed early terminated C-1BT ME hardware architecture is the first early terminated C-1BT ME hardware architecture in the literature. All of the proposed ME hardware architectures are implemented in Verilog HDL and mapped to Xilinx FPGAs. All FPGA implementations are verified with post place & route simulations.
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