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Time resolved spectroscopy of SGR J1550-5418 bursts detected with fermi/gamma-ray burst monitor

Younes, G. and Kouveliotou, C. and Van der Horst, A. J. and Baring, M. G. and Granot, J. and Watts, A. L. and Bhat, P. N. and Collazzi, A. and Gehrels, N. and Gorgone, N. and Göğüş, Ersin and Gruber, D. and Grunblatt, S. and Huppenkothen, D. and Kaneko Göğüş, Yuki and Von Kienlin, A. and Van der Klis, M. and Lin, Lin and Mcenery, J. and Van Putten, T. and Wijers, R. A. M. J. (2014) Time resolved spectroscopy of SGR J1550-5418 bursts detected with fermi/gamma-ray burst monitor. Astrophysical Journal, 785 (1). ISSN 0004-637X (Print) 1538-4357 (Online)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/785/1/52

Abstract

We report on a time-resolved spectroscopy of the 63 brightest bursts of SGR J1550-5418, detected with the Fermi/Gamma-ray Burst Monitor during its 2008-2009 intense bursting episode. We performed spectral analysis down to 4 ms timescales to characterize the spectral evolution of the bursts. Using a Comptonized model, we find that the peak energy, E-peak, anti-correlates with flux, while the low-energy photon index remains constant at similar to-0.8 up to a flux limit F approximate to 10(-5) erg s(-1) cm(-2). Above this flux value, the E-peak-flux correlation changes sign, and the index positively correlates with the flux reaching similar to 1 at the highest fluxes. Using a two blackbody model, we find that the areas and fluxes of the two emitting regions correlate positively. Further, we study here for the first time the evolution of the temperatures and areas as a function of flux. We find that the area-kT relation follows the lines of constant luminosity at the lowest fluxes, R-2 proportional to kT(-4), with a break at the higher fluxes (F > 10(-5.5) erg s(-1) cm(-2)). The area of the high-kT component increases with the flux while its temperature decreases, which we interpret as being due to an adiabatic cooling process. The area of the low-kT component, on the other hand, appears to saturate at the highest fluxes, toward R-max approximate to 30 km. Assuming that crust quakes are responsible for soft gamma repeater (SGR) bursts and considering Rmax as the maximum radius of the emitting photon-pair plasma fireball, we relate this saturation radius to a minimum excitation radius of the magnetosphere, and we put a lower limit on the internal magnetic field of SGR J1550-5418, B-int greater than or similar to 4.5 Chi 10(15) G.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Article Number: 52
Uncontrolled Keywords:stars : individual (SGR J1550-5418); stars : magnetars; X-rays : bursts
Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460-466 Astrophysics
ID Code:24228
Deposited By:Ersin Göğüş
Deposited On:17 Jun 2014 15:05
Last Modified:17 Jun 2014 15:05

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