Transparent low-density polyethylene/starch nanocomposite films
İnceoğlu, Funda and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. (2013) Transparent low-density polyethylene/starch nanocomposite films. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 129 (4). pp. 1907-1914. ISSN 0021-8995 (Print) 1097-4628 (Online)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.38811
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE)/starch nanocomposite films were prepared by melt extrusion process. The first step includes the preparation of starchclay nanocomposite by solution intercalation method. The resultant product was then melt mixed with the main matrix, which is LDPE. Maleic anhydride-grafted polyethylene (MAgPE), produced by reactive extrusion, was used as a compatibilizer between starch and LDPE phases. The effects of using compatibilizer, clay, and plasticizers on physico-mechanical properties were investigated. The results indicated that the initial intercalation reaction of clay layers with starch molecules, the conversion of starch into thermoplastic starch (TPS) by plasticizers, and using MAgPE as a compatibilizer provided uniform distribution of both starch particles and clay layers, without any need of alkyl ammonium treatment, in LDPE matrix. The nanocomposite films exhibited better tensile properties compared to clay-free ones. In addition, the transparency of LDPE film did not significantly change in the presence of TPS and clay particles.
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