A 77GHz on-chip microstrip patch antenna with suppressed surface wave using EBG substrate
Nemati, Mohammad Hossein and Tekin, İbrahim (2013) A 77GHz on-chip microstrip patch antenna with suppressed surface wave using EBG substrate. In: IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Florida, USA
This paper presents the design of a patch antenna with suppressed surface waves by means of applying an electromagnetic band-gap structure. Establishing th e antenna on high dielectric substrate such as Silicon makes it possible to integrate the antenna with RFIC active component and circuitry. However, the performance (gain and radiation pattern) of antenna will be degraded due to the presence of surface waves on a thick dielectric substrate. It is possible to des ign an engineered substrate that filters out the surface wave around the frequency of interest. Moreover, having high dielectric substrate will localize EM wave to substrate and hence reduce antenna gain. For this problem, available silicon etching technology is used to remove the substrate right under the patch and have a locally low dielectric constant substrate underneath the antenn a. Proposed microstrip antenna resonates at 77GHz with 7dB realized gain which can be used in array for Automotive Radar purposes. Simulation results show great improvement in radiation pattern and 3dB increase in antenna's broadside gain in comparison with antenna on normal substrate.
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