Synthesis and characterization of anatase nanoadsorbent and application in removal of lead, copper and arsenic from water
Kocabaş, Özlem Züleyha and Yürüm, Yuda (2013) Synthesis and characterization of anatase nanoadsorbent and application in removal of lead, copper and arsenic from water. Chemical Engineering Journal, 225 . pp. 625-635. ISSN 1385-8947
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.03.106
The existences of lead, copper, and arsenic in water supplies are great concern due to their potential effects on human health. This study demonstrates beneficial adsorptive eliminations of lead, copper, and arsenic from water using anatase nanoadsorbent produced by sol-gel method followed by calcination at 400 degrees C. The structure of the resulting sample and the surface species of anatase nanoadsorbent were determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS). The amounts of adsorbed lead and copper by the nanoadsorbent increased with increasing pH, while the adsorbed arsenic species were almost constant with the changes of pH values. The sorption kinetic data of lead, copper, and arsenic followed the pseudo-second-order model. The equilibrium data were modeled with the help of Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson and Sips equations. Based on the values of correlation coefficients (R-2) and the average percent error (APE), the Langmuir isotherm equation was excellently fitted to the experimental data of the lead adsorption with diminutive error while the adsorptions of copper and arsenic were described better with the Freundlich equation. The maximum experimental adsorption uptakes were 31.25 mg/g for lead, 23.74 mg/g for copper, and 16.98 mg/g for arsenic, respectively. From the thermodynamic calculations the favorable Gibbs energies were entropicatty controlled in the case of lead and copper adsorptions while the arsenic uptake was thermodynamically favorable without any entropic or enthalpic limitations. This study is valuable for the quality utilization of drinking water that includes arsenic, copper and lead contamination by using anatase nanoparticles as a nanoadsorbent.
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