Feature compression: a framework for multi-view multi-person tracking problem in visual sensor networks
Coşar, Serhan and Çetin, Müjdat (2012) Feature compression: a framework for multi-view multi-person tracking problem in visual sensor networks. (Submitted)
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Visual sensor networks (VSNs) consist of image sensors, embedded processors and wireless transceivers which are powered by batteries. Since the energy and bandwidth resources are limited, setting up a tracking system in VSNs is a challenging problem. In this paper, we present a framework for human tracking in VSN environments. The traditional approach of sending compressed images to a central node has certain disadvantages such as decreasing the performance of further processing (i.e., tracking) because of low quality images. Instead, in our framework, each camera node performs feature extraction and obtains likelihood functions. By transforming to an appropriate domain and taking only the signicant coefficients, these likelihood functions are compressed and this new representation is sent to the fusion node. An appropriate domain is selected by performing a comparison between well-known transforms. We have applied our method for indoor people tracking and demonstrated the superiority of our system over the traditional approach of sending compressed images by comparing the tracking results and communication loads.
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