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A new low magnetic field magnetar: the 2011 outburst of swift J1822.3-1606

Rea, N. and Israel, G. L. and Esposito, P. and Pons, J. A. and Camero-Arranz, A. and Mignani, R. P. and Turolla, R. and Zane, S. and Burgay, M. and Possenti, A. and Campana, S. and Enoto, T. and Gehrels, N. and Göğüş, Ersin and Goetz, D. and Kouveliotou, C. and Makishima, K. and Mereghetti, S. and Oates, S. R. and Palmer, D. M. and Perna, R. and Stella, L. and Tiengo, A. (2012) A new low magnetic field magnetar: the 2011 outburst of swift J1822.3-1606. Astrophysical Journal, 754 (1). ISSN 0004-637X (Print) 1538-4357 (Online)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/754/1/27

Abstract

We report on the long-term X-ray monitoring with Swift, RXTE, Suzaku, Chandra, and XMM-Newton of the outburst of the newly discovered magnetar Swift J1822.3-1606 (SGR 1822-1606), from the first observations soon after the detection of the short X-ray bursts which led to its discovery, through the first stages of its outburst decay (covering the time span from 2011 July until the end of 2012 April). We also report on archival ROSAT observations which detected the source during its likely quiescent state, and on upper limits on Swift J1822.3-1606's radio-pulsed and optical emission during outburst, with the Green Bank Telescope and the Gran Telescopio Canarias, respectively. Our X-ray timing analysis finds the source rotating with a period of P = 8.43772016(2)s and a period derivative (P) over dot = 8.3(2) x10(-14) s s(-1), which implies an inferred dipolar surface magnetic field of B similar or equal to 2.7x10(13) G at the equator. This measurement makes Swift J1822.3-1606 the second lowest magnetic field magnetar (after SGR 0418+5729). Following the flux and spectral evolution from the beginning of the outburst, we find that the flux decreased by about an order of magnitude, with a subtle softening of the spectrum, both typical of the outburst decay of magnetars. By modeling the secular thermal evolution of Swift J1822.3-1606, we find that the observed timing properties of the source, as well as its quiescent X-ray luminosity, can be reproduced if it was born with a poloidal and crustal toroidal fields of B-p similar to 1.5x10(14) G and B-tor similar to 7x10(14) G, respectively, and if its current age is similar to 550 kyr.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Article Number: 27
Uncontrolled Keywords:stars: individual (Swift J1822.3-1606); stars: magnetars; stars: neutron; X-rays: bursts; X-rays: stars
Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460-466 Astrophysics
Q Science > QB Astronomy
ID Code:19886
Deposited By:Ersin Göğüş
Deposited On:27 Oct 2012 20:39
Last Modified:30 Oct 2012 23:05

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