On the cooling trend of SGR 0526-66
Güver, Tolga and Göğüş, Ersin and Özel, Feryal (2012) On the cooling trend of SGR 0526-66. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 424 (1). pp. 210-216. ISSN 0035-8711 (print) ; 1365-2966 (online)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21184.x
We present a systematic analysis of all archival Chandra observations of the soft gamma repeater SGR 0526-66. Our results show that the X-ray flux of SGR 0526-66 decayed by about 20 per cent between 2000 and 2009. We employ physically motivated X-ray spectral models and determine the effective temperature and the strength of the magnetic field at the surface as kT= 0.354+0.031-0.024 keV and 3.74x10^14 G, respectively. We find that the effective temperature remains constant within the statistical uncertainties and attribute the decrease in the source flux to a decrease in the emitting radius. We also perform timing analysis to measure the evolution of the spin period and the period derivative over the 9-year interval. We find a period derivative of (4.0+/-0.5)x10^-11 s s-1, which allows us to infer the dipole magnetic field strength and compare it with the one determined spectroscopically. Finally, we compare the effective temperature of SGR 0526-66 with the expected cooling trends from magnetized neutron stars and suggest an initial magnetic field strength of 10^15-10^16 G for the source.
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