A cross-layer multi-hop cooperative network protocol architecture for wireless ad hoc networks
Gürbüz, Özgür and Göktürk, Sarper and Erkip, Elza (2011) A cross-layer multi-hop cooperative network protocol architecture for wireless ad hoc networks. (Submitted)
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In this paper, a novel decentralized cross-layer multi-hop cooperative network protocol and architecture is presented. Our architecture involves the design of a simple yet efficient cooperative flooding scheme, two decentralized opportunistic cooperative forwarding mechanisms as well as the design of Routing Enabled Cooperative Medium Access Control (RECOMAC) protocol that spans and incorporates the physical, medium access control (MAC) and routing layers for improving the performance of multi-hop communication. The proposed architecture exploits randomized coding at the physical layer to realize cooperative diversity. Randomized coding alleviates relay selection and actuation mechanisms, and therefore reduces the coordination among the relays. The coded packets are forwarded via opportunistically formed cooperative sets within a region, without communication among the relays and without establishing a prior route. In our architecture, routing layer functionality is submerged into the MAC layer to provide seamless cooperative communication while the messaging overhead to set up routes, select and actuate relays is minimized. RECOMAC is shown to provide dramatic performance improvements, such as eight times higher throughput and ten times lower end-to-end delay as well as reduced overhead, as compared to networks based on well-known IEEE 802.11 and Ad hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV) protocols.
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