Multiplexed FBG and etched fiber sensors for process and health monitoring of 2-&3-D RTM components
Keulen, Casey J. and Yıldız, Mehmet and Suleman, Afzal (2011) Multiplexed FBG and etched fiber sensors for process and health monitoring of 2-&3-D RTM components. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 30 (12). pp. 1055-1064. ISSN 0731-6844
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0731684411411960
This paper presents research being conducted on the use of a combination of fiber optic sensors for process and health monitoring of resin transfer molded (RTM) composite structures. A laboratory scale RTM apparatus has been designed and built with the capability of visually monitoring the resin filling process and embedding fiber optic sensors into the composite. Fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) and etched fiber sensors (EFS) have been multiplexed and embedded in quasi-2-D panels and 3-D hollow semicircular structures using a novel ingress/egress technique for the purpose of both process and structural health monitoring. The objective of this work is to demonstrate the simultaneous usage of FBGs and etched fiber sensors on a single optical fiber for resin flow monitoring and strain monitoring throughout the life of the composite. Three specimens are presented: one quasi-2D panel with two FBGs and three etched fiber sensors, one semicircular tube with two etched fiber sensors and one semicircular tube with two FBGs. Etched fiber sensors have been correlated with visual inspection to detect the presence of resin. Specimens with embedded FBG sensors have been tested in a tensile test machine to characterize the FBGs for strain monitoring.
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