Comparison of the effectiveness of chlorine, ozone, and photocatalytic disinfection in reducing the risk of antibiotic resistance pollution
Öncü, Nalan Bilgin and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. and Balcıoğlu, Işıl Akmehmet (2011) Comparison of the effectiveness of chlorine, ozone, and photocatalytic disinfection in reducing the risk of antibiotic resistance pollution. Journal of Advanced Oxidation Technologies, 14 (2). pp. 196-203. ISSN 1203-8407
Effectiveness of conventional chlorine and ozone disinfection on reduction of antibiotic resistance was compared with less commonly applied heterogeneous photocatalytic process. For this purpose plasmid DNA isolated from a multi-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) HB101 was treated in two different concentrations with the three oxidation processes. Oxidative damage on the plasmid DNA was analyzed with gel electrophoresis by comparing the extent of conformational changes in the DNA structure. The effectiveness of the applied oxidant in reducing the risk of resistance transfer was also evaluated by comparing the ability of treated plasmid DNA to transform competent cells. Chlorine did not affect plasmid DNA structure at the studied doses, while ozone and photocatalytic treatment resulted in conformational changes and the damage increased with increasing oxidant doses. Transformation experiments confirmed a similar trend. Chlorine did not affect the transformability and the cell counts of competent cells transformed with chlorine treated plasmid DNA were similar to those transformed by non-treated plasmid DNA in the control experiments.
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