Astray and stranded at the gates of the European Union: African transit migrants in Istanbul
Yükseker, Deniz and Brewer, Kelly Todd (2011) Astray and stranded at the gates of the European Union: African transit migrants in Istanbul. New Perspectives on Turkey, 44 . pp. 129-159. ISSN 0896-6346
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This paper discusses the consequences of EU migration control policies on irregular and transit migration in Turkey by focusing on African migrants. Our argument is that the EU's concern with transit migration through the Mediterranean and hence its externalization and securitization of migration control have contributed to Turkey's becoming a waiting room for irregular and transit migrants. Based on the findings of a survey with African migrants in Istanbul and analysis of secondary sources, we show that many African migrants get stranded in Turkey. In the absence of an institutional setup for migration management and the prevalence of a security approach, migrants are faced with humanitarian problems and human rights violations.
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