A fully integrated multiband frequency synthesizer for WLAN and WiMAX applications
Özeren, Emre and Zihir, Samet and Taşdemir, Ferhat and Tekin, İbrahim and Gürbüz, Yaşar (2010) A fully integrated multiband frequency synthesizer for WLAN and WiMAX applications. In: 5th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conference, Paris, France
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This paper presents a fractional N frequency synthesizer which covers WLAN and WiMAX frequencies on a single chip. The synthesizer is fully integrated in 0.35μm BiCMOS AMS technology except crystal oscillator. The synthesizer operates at four frequency bands (3.101-3.352GHz, 3.379-3.727GHz, 3.7-4.2GHz, 4.5-5.321GHz) to provide the specifications of 802.16 and 802.11 a/b/g/y. A single on-chip LC - Gm based VCO is implemented as the core of this synthesizer. Different frequency bands are selected via capacitance switching and fine tuning is done using varactor for each of these bands. A bandgap reference circuit is implemented inside of this charge pump block to generate temperature and power supply independent reference currents. Simulated settling time is around 10μsec. Total power consumption is measured to be 118.6mW without pad driving output buffers from a 3.3V supply. The phase noise of the oscillator is lower than -116.4dbc/Hz for all bands. The circuit occupies 2.784 mm2 on Si substrate, including DC, Digital and RF pads.
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