title   
  

The conversion of low-rank Kilyos coal to nitrogeneous fertilizers

Hakli, Özgül and Dumanlı, Ahu Gümrah and Ergün Nalbant, Aslı and Okyay, Firuze and Yürüm, Yuda (2011) The conversion of low-rank Kilyos coal to nitrogeneous fertilizers. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 33 (2). pp. 164-170. ISSN 1556-7036 (print) 1556-7230 (electronic)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15567030902937242

Abstract

The aim of this work is to convert the low-rank Kilyos coal to a material that could be used as a nitrogenous fertilizer. Incorporation of nitrogen into this Kilyos coal was accomplished by oxidative ammoniation, which was a two-step process involving oxidation with nitric acid followed by a treatment by ammonia. The nitrogen content of the raw coal increased from 0.8% to 8.3-9.3% after ammoniation process. Trace element concentrations in the nitro-coal, humic acid, and oxy-ammoniated coal samples were within the acceptable ranges to be used as nitrogenous fertilizer. Therefore the oxy-ammoniated products could be considered as high-value fertilizers.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:humic acid; nitro-coal; nitrogeneous fertilizer; oxy-ammoniated coal; trace elements
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
ID Code:14963
Deposited By:Yuda Yürüm
Deposited On:04 Nov 2010 10:19
Last Modified:25 May 2011 14:16

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