The conversion of low-rank Kilyos coal to nitrogeneous fertilizers
Hakli, Özgül and Dumanlı, Ahu Gümrah and Ergün Nalbant, Aslı and Okyay, Firuze and Yürüm, Yuda (2011) The conversion of low-rank Kilyos coal to nitrogeneous fertilizers. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 33 (2). pp. 164-170. ISSN 1556-7036 (print) 1556-7230 (electronic)
This is the latest version of this item.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15567030902937242
The aim of this work is to convert the low-rank Kilyos coal to a material that could be used as a nitrogenous fertilizer. Incorporation of nitrogen into this Kilyos coal was accomplished by oxidative ammoniation, which was a two-step process involving oxidation with nitric acid followed by a treatment by ammonia. The nitrogen content of the raw coal increased from 0.8% to 8.3-9.3% after ammoniation process. Trace element concentrations in the nitro-coal, humic acid, and oxy-ammoniated coal samples were within the acceptable ranges to be used as nitrogenous fertilizer. Therefore the oxy-ammoniated products could be considered as high-value fertilizers.
Available Versions of this Item
Repository Staff Only: item control page