Effect of alpha-tocopherol and silibin dihemisuccinate on the proliferation of human skin fibroblasts
Onat, D. and Boscoboinik, D. and Azzi, A. and Başağa, Hüveyda (1999) Effect of alpha-tocopherol and silibin dihemisuccinate on the proliferation of human skin fibroblasts. Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry, 29 (part 3). pp. 213-215. ISSN 0885-4513 (Print) 1470-8744 (Electronic)
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Cell proliferation is a complex and important event in atherosclerosis, aging and cancer, and is under the control of signalling pathways. These signalling pathways in turn are effected by the presence of a number of chemicals. For this purpose, we have checked the effect of two chemicals on the proliferation of skin fibroblasts. alpha-Tocopherol and silibin dihemisuccinate (SDH) negatively regulate proliferation of human skin fibroblasts. To check the cell-cycle time intervals, a [H-3]thymidine incorporation assay was performed, showing DNA replication at around 24 h; this indicated the time required for the incubation with the chemicals. When alpha-tocopherol was added to the growth medium at a physiological concentration of 50 mu M, cell proliferation was inhibited by 40% in 72 h. A similar inhibitory effect of cell proliferation was achieved when 500 mu M SDH was used (39% inhibition in 72 h). From the dose-response curves obtained it was concluded that both duration of treatment and the concentration of the chemicals are important parameters. The actual mechanism of the inhibition of cell proliferation may be due to the anti-oxidative potential of these chemicals as well as another mechanism effecting signal transduction pathways.
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