Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon
Vogel, John P. and Garvin, David F. and Mockler, Todd J. and Schmutz, Jeremy and Rokhsar, Dan and Bevan, Michael W. and Barry, Kerrie and Lucas, Susan and Harmon-Smith, Miranda and Lail, Kathleen and Tice, Hope and Grimwood, Jane and McKenzie, Neil and Huo, Naxin and Gu, Yong Q and Lazo, Gerard R. and Anderson, Olin D. and You, Frank M. and Luo, Ming-Cheng and Dvorak, Jan and Wright, Jan and Febrer, Melanie and Idziak, Dominika and Hasterok, Robert and Lindquist, Scott A. and Wang, Mei and Fox, Samuel E. and Priest, Henry D. and Filichkin, Sergei A. and Givan, Scott A. and Bryant, Douglas W. and Chang, Jeff H. and Wu, Haiyan and Wu, Wei and Hsia, An-Ping and Schnable, Patrick S. and Kalyanaraman, Anantharaman and Baarbazuk, Brad and Michael, Todd P. and Hazen, Samuel P. and Bragg, Jennifer N. and Laudencia-Chingcuanco, Debbie and Weng, Yiqun and Haberer, Georg and Spannagl, Mianuel and Mayer, Klaus and Rattei, Thomas and Mitros, Therese and Lee, Sang-Jik and Rose, Jocelyn K. C. and Mueller, Lukas A. and York, Thomas L. and Wicker, Thomas and Buchmann, Jan P. and Tanskanen, Jaakko and Schulman, Alan H. and Gundlach, Heidrun and de Oliveira, Antonio Costa and Maia, Luciano da C. and Belknap, William and Jiang, Ning and Lai, Jinsheng and Zhu, Liucun and Ma, Jianxin and Sun, Cheng and Pritham, Ellen and Salse, Jerome and Murat, Florent and Abrouk, Michael and Bruggmann, Remy and Messing, Joachim and You, Frank M. and Fahlgren, Noah and Sullivan, Christopher M. and Carrington, James C. and Chapman, Elisabeth J. and May, Greg D. and Zhai, Jixian and Ganssmann, Matthias and Gurazada, Sai Guna Ranjan and German, Marcelo and Meyers, Blake C. and Green, Pamela J. and Tyler, Ludmila and Wu, Jiajie and Lazo, Gerard R. and Thomson, James and Hazen, Samuel P. and Chen, Shan and Scheller, Henrik V. and Harholt, Jesper and Ulvskov, Peter and Kimbrel, Jeffrey A. and Chang, Jeff H. and Bartley, Laura E. and Cao, Peijian and Jung, Ki-Hong and Sharma, Manoj K. and Vega-Sanchez, Miguel and Ronald, Pamela and Dardick, Christopher D. and De Bodt, Stefanie and Verelst, Wim and Inze, Dirk and Heese, Maren and Schnittger, Arp and Yang, Xiaohan and Kalluri, Udaya C. and Tuskan, Gerald A. and Hua, Zhihua and Vierstra, Richard D. and Cui, Yu and Ouyang, Shuhong and Sun, Qixin and Liu, Zhiyong and Yılmaz, Alper and Grotewold, Erich and Sibout, Richard and Hematy, Kian and Mouille, Gregory and Hoefte, Herman and Pelloux, Jerome and O'Connor, Devin and Schbnable, James and Rowe, Scott and Harmon, Frank and Cass, Cynthia L. and Sedbrook, John C. and Byrne, Mary E. and Walsh, Sean and Higgins, Janet and Li, Pinghua and Brutnell, Thomas and Ünver, Turgay and Budak, Hikmet and Belcram, Harry and Charles, Mathieu and Chalhoub, Boulos and Baxter, Ivan (2010) Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. Nature, 463 (7282). pp. 763-768. ISSN 0028-0836
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature08747
Three subfamilies of grasses, the Ehrhartoideae, Panicoideae and Pooideae, provide the bulk of human nutrition and are poised to become major sources of renewable energy. Here we describe the genome sequence of the wild grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium), which is, to our knowledge, the first member of the Pooideae subfamily to be sequenced. Comparison of the Brachypodium, rice and sorghum genomes shows a precise history of genome evolution across a broad diversity of the grasses, and establishes a template for analysis of the large genomes of economically important pooid grasses such as wheat. The high-quality genome sequence, coupled with ease of cultivation and transformation, small size and rapid life cycle, will help Brachypodium reach its potential as an important model system for developing new energy and food crops.
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