ATRP of methyl methacrylate initiated with a bifunctional initiator bearing bromomethyl functional groups: synthesis of the block and graft copolymers
Öztürk, Temel and Yılmaz, Sevil Savaşkan and Hazer, Baki and Menceloğlu, Yusuf Z. (2010) ATRP of methyl methacrylate initiated with a bifunctional initiator bearing bromomethyl functional groups: synthesis of the block and graft copolymers. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 48 (6). pp. 1364-1373. ISSN 0887-624X
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pola.23898
This article reports the synthesis of the block and graft copolymers using peroxygen-containing poly(methyl methacrylate) (poly-MMA) as a macroinitiator that was prepared from the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in the presence of bis(4,4'-bromomethyl benzoyl peroxide) (BBP). The effects of reaction temperatures on the ATRP system were studied in detail. Kinetic studies were carried out to investigate controlled ATRP for BBP/CuBr/bpy initiating system with MMA at 40 degrees C and free radical polymerization of styrene (S) at 80 degrees C. The plots of In ([M-o]/[M-t]) versus reaction time are linear, corresponding to first-order kinetics. Poly-MMA initiators were used in the bulk polymerization of S to obtain poly (MMA-b-S) block copolymers. Poly-MMA initiators containing undecomposed peroygen groups were used for the graft copolymerization of polybutadiene (PBd) and natural rubber (RSS-3) to obtain crosslinked poly (MMA-g-PBd) and poly(MMA-g-RSS-3) graft copolymers. Swelling ratio values (q(v)) of the graft copolymers in CHCl3 were calculated. The characterizations of the polymers were achieved by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), H-1-nuclear magnetic resonance (H-1 NMR), gel-permeation chromatography (GPC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the fractional precipitation (gamma) techniques.
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