Nanocrystalline diamond film for biosensor applications
Qureshi, Anjum and Gürbüz, Yaşar and Howell, Mick and Kang, Weng P. and Davidson, Jımmy L. (2010) Nanocrystalline diamond film for biosensor applications. In: 20th European Conference on Diamond, Diamond-Like Materials, Carbon Nanotubes and Nitrides, Athens, Greece
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2010.01.012
In this study, we have developed a novel capacitive biosensor based oil interdigitated gold nanodiamond (GID-NCD) electrode for detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) antigen. CRP is one of the plasma proteins known as acute-phase proteins and its levels rise dramatically during inflammatory processes occurring in the body. It has been reported that CRP in serum can be used for risk assessment of cardiovascular diseases. The antibodies immobilization were confirmed by Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTIR) and contact angle measurements. In this capacitive biosensor, nanocrystalline diamond acting as a dielectric layer between the electrodes. The CRP antigen detection was performed by capacitive/dielectric-constant measurements. Our results showed that the response of NCD-based capacitive-based biosensor for CRP antigen was dependent on both concentration (25-800 ng/ml) as well as frequency (50-350 MHz). Furthermore, using optimized conditions, the biosensors developed in this study can be potentially used for detection of elevated level of risk markers protein in suspected subjects for early diagnosis of disease.
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