Conversion of low-rank Kilyos coal to nitrogeneous fertilizers
Haklı, Özgül and Dumanlı, Ahu Gümrah and Nalbant, Aslı and Okyay, Firuze and Yürüm, Yuda (2009) Conversion of low-rank Kilyos coal to nitrogeneous fertilizers. (Accepted/In Press)
The aim of this work is to convert the low-rank Kilyos coal to a material that could be used as a nitrogenous fertilizer. Incorporation of nitrogen into this Kilyos coal was accomplished by oxidative ammoniation, which was a two-step process involving oxidation with nitric acid followed by a treatment by ammonia. The nitrogen content of the raw coal increased from 0.8% to 8.3-9.3% after ammoniation process. Trace element concentrations in the nitro-coal, HA and OAC samples were within the acceptable ranges to be used as nitrogenous fertilizer. Therefore the oxy-ammoniated products could be considered as high-value fertilizers.
Available Versions of this Item
Repository Staff Only: item control page