Transient dopant segregation and precipitation in yttrium-doped alumina
Gülgün, Mehmet Ali and Sturm, Saso and Cannon, Rowland M. and Ruhle, Manfred (2008) Transient dopant segregation and precipitation in yttrium-doped alumina. International Journal Of Materials Research (formerly Zeitschrift Fur Metallkunde), 99 (12). pp. 1324-1329. ISSN 1862-5282
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3139/146.101767
Ultra-pure Al2O3 ceramics doped with 2000 ppm of Y2O3 were sintered at 1500°C or 1650°C for 2 or 12 h. The resulting microstructure consisted of alumina matrix grains and second-phase precipitates. Y-doped alumina samples sintered at 1550°C for shorter times (<2h) contained primarily YAlO3–YAP precipitates. This is in contradiction of the binary equilibrium phase diagram for Al2O3 and Y2O3, which predicts Y3Al5O12–YAG to be the first phase to appear, as the Y-concentration exceeds the solubility limit of α-Al2O3. The formation of YAG in co-existence with the YAP precipitates was observed in samples sintered at 1550°C for 12 h and 1650°C for 2 h. The excess of yttrium in the grain boundary was 5.5 ± 0.9 Y-atoms/nm2 for the specimen containing primarily YAP and 4.2 ± 1.2 Y-atoms/nm2 in samples where YAP and YAG co-existed. The study demonstrates that in samples containing multiple precipitates, the grain-boundary excess concentration of Y atoms is controlled by the composition of the precipitates.
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