title   
  

Glyphosate-induced impairment of plant growth and micronutrient status in glyphosate-resistant soybean (Glycine max L.)

Bott, Sebastian and Tesfamariam, Tsehaye and Hande, Candan and Çakmak, İsmail and Römheld, Volker and Neumann, Günter (2008) Glyphosate-induced impairment of plant growth and micronutrient status in glyphosate-resistant soybean (Glycine max L.). Plant and Soil, 312 (1-2). pp. 185-194. ISSN 0032-079X (Print) 1573-5036 (Online)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-008-9760-8

Abstract

This investigation demonstrated potential detrimental side effects of glyphosate on plant growth and micronutrient (Mn, Zn) status of a glyphosate-resistant (GR) soybean variety (Glycine max cv. Valiosa), which were found to be highly dependent on the selected growth conditions. In hydroponic experiments with sufficient Mn supply [0.5 μM], the GR cv. Valiosa produced similar plant biomass, root length and number of lateral roots in the control treatment without glyphosate as compared to its non-GR parental line cv. Conquista. However, this was associated with 50% lower Mn shoot concentrations in cv. Conquista, suggesting a higher Mn demand of the transgenic cv. Valiosa under the selected growth conditions. Glyphosate application significantly inhibited root biomass production, root elongation, and lateral root formation of the GR line, associated with a 50% reduction of Mn shoot concentrations. Interestingly, no comparable effects were detectable at low Mn supply [0.1 μM]. This may indicate Mn-dependent differences in the intracellular transformation of glyphosate to the toxic metabolite aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in the two isolines. In soil culture experiments conducted on a calcareous loess sub-soil of a Luvisol (pH 7.6) and a highly weathered Arenosol (pH 4.5), shoot biomass production and Zn leaf concentrations of the GR-variety were affected by glyphosate applications on the Arenosol but not on the calcareous Loess sub-soil. Analysis of micronutrient levels in high and low molecular weight (LMW) fractions (80% ethanol extracts) of young leaves revealed no indications for internal immobilization of micronutrients (Mn, Zn, Fe) by excessive complexation with glyphosate in the LMW phase.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Glyphosate - Glyphosate-resistant soybean (Glycine max L.) - Micronutrient acquisition - Micronutrient utilisation
Subjects:S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Q Science > QK Botany > QK710-899 Plant physiology
ID Code:10767
Deposited By:İsmail Çakmak
Deposited On:18 Nov 2008 13:30
Last Modified:25 May 2011 14:03

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