A practical routing and MAC framework for maximum lifetime sensor telemetry
Erçetin, Özgür and Gürbüz, Özgür and Bülbül, Kerem and Çiftçioğlu, Ertuğrul Necdet and Aksu, Aylin (2006) A practical routing and MAC framework for maximum lifetime sensor telemetry. (Submitted)
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The recent progress in sensor and wireless communication technologies has enabled the design and implementation of new applications such as sensor telemetry which is the use of wireless sensors to gather more fine-grained information from products, people and places. In this work, we consider a realistic telemetry application in which a large 2-dimensional area is periodically monitored by a sensor network which gathers data from equally spaced sample points. The objective is to maximize the lifetime of the network by jointly selecting the sensing nodes, the node transmission powers and the route to the base station from each sensing node. We develop an optimization-based algorithm OPT-RE, and a low complexity algorithm SP-RE for this purpose, and analyze their dynamics through extensive numerical studies. Our results indicate that SP-RE is a promising algorithm which has comparable performance to that of the more computationally intensive OPT-RE algorithm. The energy consumption is significantly affected by the channel access method, and in this paper, we also compare the effects of the collision-free TDMA, and contention-based CSMA/CA methods.
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